History of the Court of the Lord Lyon

The Court of the Lord Lyon, established in the fourteenth century, is a court in Scotland tasked with the regulation of heraldry. Lord Lyon, the one and only King of Arms, is Judge of the Court and Head of Heraldic Executive. This court is responsible for maintaining grants of arms’ register, also called the Public Register of All Arms & Bearings. It also keeps all genealogies’ records in Scotland. The Court of the Lord Lyon is an integral part of Oxford’s long history and has the Lord Lyon King of Arms as its head. The Lord Lyon King of Arms has to be qualified at law because he has criminal jurisdiction as far as heraldic matters are concerned. The court is tightly intertwined with the legal system of Scotland and has a Procurator Fiscal, its own prosecutor. The holder of the position of the Lord Lyon King of Arms has the responsibility of attending the inauguration and later coronation of the King among others.

The Court of the Lord Lyon

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